What is a cookie?
A cookie is a harmless text file that is stored in your browser when you visit almost any web page. The usefulness of the cookie is that the website is able to remember your visit when you return to browse that page. Although many people do not know, cookies have been used for over 20 years, when the first browsers for the World Wide Web appeared.
What is not a cookie?
It’s not a virus, a Trojan, a worm, pam, spyware, or neither an open windows pop-up.
What information does a cookie store?
Cookies usually don’t store sensitive information about you, such as credit cards or bank details, photographs, your ID or personal information, etc. The data they keep are of a technical nature, personal preferences, personalization of contents, etc.
The web server does not associate you as a person, but your web browser . In fact, if you regularly browse Internet Explorer and try to navigate through the same website with Firefox or Chrome you will see that the web does not realize that you are the same person because it is really associating the browser, not the person.
What are the types of cookies?
- Technical cookies: These are the most basic and allow, among other things, to know when a human or an automated application is browsing, when an anonymous and registered user navigates, basic tasks for the operation of any dynamic web.
- Analytical cookies: They collect information about the type of navigation you are doing, the sections you use the most, products consulted, time band of use, language, etc.
- Advertising cookies: Display advertising based on your browsing, country of origin, language, etc.
What are own and third-party cookies?
Own cookies are those generated by the page you’re visiting. Third-party cookies are those generated by external services or providers such as Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc.
What happens if I disable cookies?
To understand the scope that can have disable cookies we show some examples:
- You can’t share content from that website on Facebook, Twitter or any other social network.
- The website will not be able to adapt their contents to your personal preferences, as it usually happens in online stores.
- You can not access the “personal area” of that website, such as My account, or My profile or My orders.
- Online stores: It will be impossible to make purchases online, they would have to be by telephone or by visiting a physical store.
- It will not be possible to customize your geographic preferences such as time zone, currency or language.
- The website will not be able to perform web analytics on visitors and traffic on the web, which will make it difficult for the website to be competitive.
- You can’t write on the blog, you can’t upload photos, post comments, rates or any content.
- The web will not be able to know if you are a human or an automated application that publishes spam.
- It will not be possible to show sectorized advertising, which will reduce the advertising revenue of the web.
Can we eliminate cookies?
Yes. Not only delete, but also block, in a general or particular way for a specific domain.
To remove cookies from a website you must go to your browser settings and search the associated cookies to the domain in question and proceed to its removal.
Cookies settings for the most popular browsers
You can allow, block or delete the cookies installed on your computer by configuring the browser options: